Glaucoma is an eye disease, frequently associated with elevated eye pressure. It causes damage to the optic nerve and can potentially lead to vision loss.
Once the nerve has been damaged, vision loss is permanent. Fortunately, Dr. Anthony Zacchei, Kremer Eye Center’s glaucoma specialist is very capable of successfully treating glaucoma in most patients, especially when it is caught early.
Kremer Eye Center has many glaucoma treatments available ranging from eye drops to innovative laser treatments. The recommended treatment will be established during an evaluation with our glaucoma specialist, Dr. Zacchei, and will depend on the type and severity of the disease.
There are many types of glaucoma, but they can generally be divided into two major categories based on the configuration of the drainage angle of the eye. The eye produces a fluid called aqueous humor, which is essential in maintaining the eye’s shape and normal function. Eye pressure can increase as a result of a blockage of the drainage angle (closed-angle glaucoma) or problems within the drainage system itself (open-angle glaucoma.)
With closed-angle glaucoma, the iris blocks the drainage area of the eye and the pressure within the eye can become quite elevated. This disease has a rapid onset and can cause severe eye pain, headaches, blurred vision, halos around lights, and even nausea and vomiting. Certain patients with narrow anterior chamber angles may be predisposed to develop this type of glaucoma and may require laser treatment to prevent it.
Open Angle Glaucoma
This is the most common type of glaucoma and accounts for about 70% of all glaucoma cases. The drainage area in the eye is open, but does not function properly. Pressure generally builds up and vision is lost slowly. There are no early symptoms in the course of the disease.
Since most cases of glaucoma are not accompanied by pain or any noticeable symptoms, we encourage routine evaluations for all individuals over the age of 40 and for those who have any of the risk factors below. Our glaucoma specialist, Dr. Anthony Zacchei is happy to evaluate you and treat you as necessary to manage the disease and maintain good vision.
Want to find out more about Glaucoma? Click here to find out more from The Glaucoma Foundation: http://www.glaucomafoundation.org/