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Cornea Conditions, Transplant & Treatments

The cornea is the circular window at the front of the eye that refracts light and focuses it on the retina. A healthy cornea is essential for clear vision. Damaged or irregular corneas cannot focus light correctly and result in blurred vision and glare.

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Continue reading to learn more about the different injuries and conditions that can affect your corneas.

Corneal Abrasions – A corneal abrasion is a scratch or cut on the surface of the cornea that can cause blurred vision, stinging or burning in the eye, redness, tearing, and sensitivity to light.

Corneal Infections – Corneal infections, called keratitis, are the result of bacteria from a contact lens or a foreign object entering the eye. An eye infection can produce inflammation, reduce visual clarity, produce corneal discharges, and can also lead to scarring which may require a corneal transplant.

Cornea Collagen Cross-LinkingCornea collagen cross-linking (CXL) is a treatment method used to stop the disease keratoconus. This disease weakens and thins the cornea which can eventually lead to severe vision impairment if not treated properly.

Dry Eye IPL Therapy – The production and drainage of tears is critical for good eye health. Tears keep the eyes moist, help wounds heal, and even provide protection. Dry eye causes fewer tears to be produced and the quality of the tears is poor. IPL (Intense Pulsed Light) therapy helps people with severe cases of dry eye when artificial tears don’t work.

Keratoconus – Keratoconus, the progressive thinning and weakening of the cornea, is the most common corneal dystrophy in the U.S. It affects one in every 2,000 Americans. Those who are most affected are teenagers and adults in their 20s. During keratoconus, the middle of the cornea thins and bulges outward to form a rounded cone shape. When this happens, the misshapen cornea is unable to focus light properly onto the retina which causes blurry vision.

Corneal Transplants – Some patients suffer from disease, conditions, or injuries that cause damage to the cornea and impair vision. Corneal transplants remove the damaged cornea and replace it with corneal tissue from a donor. A patient may need a corneal transplant if they’ve experienced congenital diseases like keratoconus, scars from infection or trauma, degenerative corneal diseases, or corneal dystrophies.

Pterygium – A pterygium is a growth of tissue that starts at the thin tissue of the eye, covers the white part of the eye, and extends to the cornea. If left untreated, it can continue to grow throughout a person’s life. This growth includes blood vessels that can potentially form scar tissue. As it progresses, it can cause astigmatism or distort the surface of the eye.

Conjunctivitis or Pink EyeConjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, causes the conjunctiva (thin layer of tissue on the inner surface of the eye) to become infected and inflamed. It can occur in one or both eyes. Symptoms include the white of the eye looking pink, discharge, watering, and sensitivity to light.

Kremer Eye Center doctors can help many cornea disorders and injuries using cutting-edge treatments and technologies.

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