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Educating Our Patients Glaucoma FAQs

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States and the first leading cause of preventable blindness.

Read some of our most frequently asked questions below to learn more about glaucoma.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a chronic disease characterized by increased pressure within the eyeball. Although glaucoma has no early symptoms, the condition can eventually lead to blindness. Because of this, people with glaucoma must be followed and monitored for life. Everyone is at risk for glaucoma, although it’s traditionally seen in older individuals.

What are some risk factors for Glaucoma?

There are several factors that could contribute to your risk for Glaucoma:

  • Increasing age
  • Race (with an increased risk for people of African, Latino, and Asian descent)
  • Family history
  • Steroid treatment
  • History of eye injury
  • Thin corneas
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • High nearsightedness or farsightedness

Is Glaucoma curable?

Most types of glaucoma are not curable; however, it is treatable. Physicians are able to successfully manage the majority of cases, thereby halting future symptoms and vision loss.

Can I prevent Glaucoma?

While there is no one sure-fire way to prevent glaucoma, there are several precautions you can take to prevent your risk of developing the disease.

  • Keep an eye on your insulin levels: When insulin levels increase, your blood pressure does as well, which can also cause your eye pressure to increase. Avoid sugar and grains such as breads, pasta, rice, cereal and potatoes.
  • Exercise regularly: Incorporating exercise into your daily routine can keep your insulin levels low. Make sure to add aerobics and strength training to your exercise program.
  • Take an animal-based omega-3 fat supplement: Omega-3 fat called docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) can help protect and promote healthy retinal function.
  • Consume foods that contain lutein and zeaxanthin: These nutrients are important for your eye sight. Lutein is found in green, leafy vegetables such as kale, collard greens, spinach, broccoli, brussels sprouts and egg yolks. Egg yolks also contain zeaxanthin, which also protects eye sight.
  • Avoid trans fats: Trans fats can interfere with the omega-3 fats in your body, preventing them from helping your eyes.

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